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Mongolia Guide Book




Government of Mongolia is parliamentary type of government, with President.
From March 1921, when Mongolia won its final independence from China, until May 1990, the Mongolian Government was modeled on the old Soviet Communist system. Only the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) was officially allowed to operate. The fall of the Berlin Wall, Gorbachev’s political reforms in the former Soviet Union and the evolution of democracy in Eastern Europe, The wave of democratic revolutions reached in Mongolia in 1989. So Mongolia has moved into a democracy system in 1990 and peaceful changes brought Mongols into contact with the modern world.

On 29th of July, 1990, democratic elections were held on multi-party basis for the first time in the history of Mongolia and elected a People's Great Hural. In the election, Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP) had obtained 60% of seats in the Great Hural But the party had agreed major reformation of government resulting in democratic revolution and a market economy. Such as human rights, private ownership rights and a State structure on power separation
In 1992 Second Democratic elections again give a victory to the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (MPRP).
In 1996 ,Generel Election. Democratic Party swept to government power for the first time in June 1996, wining a remarkable 50 of the 76 seats in the Parliament.

Mongolian parliament (Ikh Hural) have 76-members and elected by universal adult suffrage for four years. The Ikh Hural (parliament) recognises the president on his election and appoints the Prime Minister and members of the Cabinet, which is the highest executive body.
President is the Head of State and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces.
President is directly elected for a term of four years.

Mongolian president is Elbegdorj Tsakhia who was elected in May 2013.
Mongolian prime minister is Saikhanbileg Chimed who is elected in 2015. 

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Client's comment

Just a quick email to thank you and all your people for a well organised and enjoyable tour. We arrived back on Saturday and have just finished unpacking. We are pleased with our photos of Mongolia and will forward some pictures of birds for you to identify.
Thanks again........
Terry Briggs
Dr S Subba Rao (England,UK)

Hi Ganaa and Buyant
I can confirm that Hovd Tour organised a fantastic
Mongolian adventure for me. From the greeting at the airport I was filled with confidence that I was in capable hands and my feelings were proved correct.
At no time did I ever feel uneasy whilst such a long way from home, my guides were always on hand and their English is excellent, there was never a dull moment from start to finish.
I would not hesitate to recommend Hovd Tour too you, they are a very capable and reputable organisation who can tailor any kind of holiday you desire. I will most certainly be using their services again....
James Singlehurst  (Uk)


Dear Hovd Tour Team, 

We had a wonderful time with our tour guide Biba and driver Hosoo. Thank you so much for organizing the trip. I hope we can visit again in the future and we would love to go with Hovd Tour again. 


Caroline and Vincent

Hey Everyone !!!
How is everyone after this great adventure in Bayan Olgii ???
Here back to Tokyo daily life was a bit hard at the beginning , everything so stressful and speedy... one minute is one minute  can never be  late .... aaaaaaa too much !!!
I really really enjoyed this trip with your company all, really great time and a lot's of Fun and many laugh, I think I haven't laugh that much since long time !! Thank you very much for Hovd Tour.
Julien &Alexandra (France & Japan) 

Hi Buyant and Ganaa
Greetings from Sydney, wishing you all well and an enjoyable summer full of sunshine. Once again, thank you very much for a great trip around Mongolia.
Deryn and Jo (Australia)


Many thanks for the warm welcome at the camp. We really enjoyed our travels in Mongolia and looking forward to returning in the future.
All the best....
David (UK)

Thanks Ganaa,
It was a great trip and your camp really made us feel at home after a long day on the road.
Thanks for your hospitality.
All the best....
Steve (UK)

Ganaa my friend for life
I would like to thank you for organising our tour of UB and the
neighboring countryside last year. Thanks to you we saw some great sights
in the city - some of historical interest and others of great beauty! I
particularly enjoyed our trip to the market, where your local knowledge and
humor proved invaluable. Without your help, I would never have had the
opportunity to experience a night out in the 'Countryside' with a
traditional Mongolian family.
The horse riding will forever
remain in my memory......
Chris and Ramsay

Hi Hovd Tour
We had amazing time in Mongolia. We enjoyed the horse trek very much in the nice countryside around Valley of Orkhon River.
Ingram & Katerin (Sweden)