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Tailor Made Tours 2019
Алтай Таван Богд Аялал 2019

Mongolia Guide Book


Population & Language


Today,Mongolia has more than 2, 8 million population and population density is very low,. One person per 1.6 square km.
Mongolian ethnic and linguistic group: 81.5% of the population is Khalkha Mongols who live all over Mongolia.
Oirat Mongols- they are live in Western Mongolia, Uvs, Hovd, Byan-Olgii province and subdivided into several ethnic groups: Bayat (2.1 %), Dorvod (2.8%) Oold (0.6%), Zahkchin (1.3%).
Altai Mongols: They live in Altai Mountain range in Western Mongolia, in Hovd province.
Altai Uriankhai Mongols (1.1%). Torgut (0.5%)
Northern Mongols: They live in Dornod, Khentii, Selenge and Khovsgol province.
Buryat (1.7%), Barga (1.05%),
Mongolia’s Turks: Khazakh (4.3%) live in Bayan-Olgii and Hovd province of western Mongolia. Kazakhs of the Altai traditionally have hunted from horseback with trained golden eagles on their wrists and greyhounds slung across the saddle--both to be launched at game-- and pictures of eagle-bearing Kazakhs are common in Mongolian tourist literature.

Mongolian Language and Literature.
About 90 percent of the populace speaks one of several dialects of the Mongol language. Mongol is an Altaic language, related to the Turkic languages, such as Uzbek, Turkish, and Kazakh, and more distantly to Korean and perhaps, in the opinion of some linguists, to Japanese. Except for the dialect of the Buryat Mongols who predominantly inhabit the area around Lake Baykal in Siberia and the dialects of scattered isoglosses in Mongolia, all dialects of Mongol spoken in Mongolia are readily understood by native speakers of the language.

The Khalkha Mongols are the largest element of the population. Khalkha Mongol is the standard language; it is taught in the schools and is used for all official business. The written language is based on the Khalkha of the Ulaanbaatar region, and when Mongol script was replaced by a Cyrillic alphabet between 1941 and 1946, the Russian Cyrillic was modified to suit the phonetic structure of Khalkha. Another 12 percent of the population spoke a variety of western or northern Mongol dialects, such as Dorbet, Zakchin, Buryat, or the southeastern Dariganga. Speakers of these dialects were concentrated in their ancestral territories in far western or northwestern Mongolia in Hovd, Uvs, and Hovsgol aymags, or along the Chinese frontier in the southeast.

Bayan-Olgiy is a largely Kazakh administrative unit, where the Kazakh language is used in the primary schools and in local administrative offices. Today more than 10 million people speak Mongolian. They live in Mongolia, Buriat republic of Russian federation, Inner Mongolia in China, Shingjan and Gansu regions.

Second Language: Russian is spoken by many graduates with many Mongolians formally educated in Russia. English is second language now. German is spoken many graduates, little Spanish and Chinese not widely understood. 

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Special offer 2019-2020

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Client's comment

Just a quick email to thank you and all your people for a well organised and enjoyable tour. We arrived back on Saturday and have just finished unpacking. We are pleased with our photos of Mongolia and will forward some pictures of birds for you to identify.
Thanks again........
Terry Briggs
Dr S Subba Rao (England,UK)

Hi Ganaa and Buyant
I can confirm that Hovd Tour organised a fantastic
Mongolian adventure for me. From the greeting at the airport I was filled with confidence that I was in capable hands and my feelings were proved correct.
At no time did I ever feel uneasy whilst such a long way from home, my guides were always on hand and their English is excellent, there was never a dull moment from start to finish.
I would not hesitate to recommend Hovd Tour too you, they are a very capable and reputable organisation who can tailor any kind of holiday you desire. I will most certainly be using their services again....
James Singlehurst  (Uk)


Dear Hovd Tour Team, 

We had a wonderful time with our tour guide Biba and driver Hosoo. Thank you so much for organizing the trip. I hope we can visit again in the future and we would love to go with Hovd Tour again. 


Caroline and Vincent

Hey Everyone !!!
How is everyone after this great adventure in Bayan Olgii ???
Here back to Tokyo daily life was a bit hard at the beginning , everything so stressful and speedy... one minute is one minute  can never be  late .... aaaaaaa too much !!!
I really really enjoyed this trip with your company all, really great time and a lot's of Fun and many laugh, I think I haven't laugh that much since long time !! Thank you very much for Hovd Tour.
Julien &Alexandra (France & Japan) 

Hi Buyant and Ganaa
Greetings from Sydney, wishing you all well and an enjoyable summer full of sunshine. Once again, thank you very much for a great trip around Mongolia.
Deryn and Jo (Australia)


Many thanks for the warm welcome at the camp. We really enjoyed our travels in Mongolia and looking forward to returning in the future.
All the best....
David (UK)

Thanks Ganaa,
It was a great trip and your camp really made us feel at home after a long day on the road.
Thanks for your hospitality.
All the best....
Steve (UK)

Ganaa my friend for life
I would like to thank you for organising our tour of UB and the
neighboring countryside last year. Thanks to you we saw some great sights
in the city - some of historical interest and others of great beauty! I
particularly enjoyed our trip to the market, where your local knowledge and
humor proved invaluable. Without your help, I would never have had the
opportunity to experience a night out in the 'Countryside' with a
traditional Mongolian family.
The horse riding will forever
remain in my memory......
Chris and Ramsay

Hi Hovd Tour
We had amazing time in Mongolia. We enjoyed the horse trek very much in the nice countryside around Valley of Orkhon River.
Ingram & Katerin (Sweden)